Diabetes & Low GI | Diet Express

Diabetes & Low GI

Diet Express is delighted to announce a linkup with the South Eastern Health and Social Care Trust and their diabetes advisory bodies.

They were impressed with the advice and support we offer to members and site visitors which plays an active part in reducing the risks associated with becoming a sufferer. Click here to view their simple and easy to use guide in multilingual form.

Firstly, let us answer some commonly asked questions about diabetes:

What is diabetes?

Diabetes occurs when the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood becomes higher than normal. There are two main types of diabetes – type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.

Understanding blood glucose and insulin

When you eat, certain foods are broken down in your stomach into sugar (glucose), the sugar then passes into your bloodstream. To remain healthy it is important that your blood sugar level doesn’t go too high or too low.

After eating, your blood sugar level begins to rise, and the level of a hormone called insulin should also rise. The insulin then takes the sugar (glucose) back out of the bloodstream. Some of the glucose is used for energy, and what is not used is converted into fat and stored.

What is type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is much more common than type 1 diabetes and develops gradually over weeks or months.

You develop diabetes because:

  • you do not make enough insulin for your body’s needs, OR
  • you need more insulin than you normally make to keep the blood glucose level down, OR
  • a combination of the above

What is type 1 diabetes?

In type 1 diabetes the body stops making insulin. The illness and symptoms develop over days or weeks. Type 1 diabetes is treated with insulin injections and diet and usually develops in children and young adults.

How do you get type 2 diabetes?

In the UK about one in 20 people aged over 65 and around one in five people over 85 have diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is now becoming more common in children and in young people.

The number of people with type 2 diabetes is increasing in the UK, as it is more common in people who are overweight or obese. It also tends to run in families.

What are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes?

People can have diabetes for a long time before their diagnosis is made.

The four common symptoms are:

  • Tiredness
  • Weight loss
  • Being thirsty a lot of the time
  • Passing a lot of urine

Note: As the symptoms may develop gradually, you can become used to being thirsty and tired and you may not recognise that you are ill for some time. Some people also develop blurred vision and frequent infections, such as recurring thrush.

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